Canvas Atalayas. Barrio de los Austrias. It is the oldest part of Madrid, peppered whit churches and crowned by the Alcázar. It was chosen by the Bourbons to raise the Royal Palace. The main architectural complexes built under the Hapsburgs are: Plaza Mayor, La Encarnación Monastery and Plaza de la Villa, with buildings erected in the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Casa de la Villa, Los Lujanes Tower and Cisneros House. Another must-see landmark is the Descalzas Reales Monastery, a nunnery that was the royal seat of Charles I of Spain.
Nearby are Plaza de Oriente, La Almudena Cathedral, which has a museum that gives access to the dome, affording beautiful views of the sierras, and other buildings from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.
In the surrounding area, there is also the Gaviria Palace, a luxury 19th century palatial building whose style is reminiscent of the Italian Renaissance palaces that have been refurbished in recent years to host different exhibitions throughout the year.